Newcastle

Pons Aelius

Quick Facts

Newcastle-upon-Tyne was the location of a wall fort and a large bridge (pons) with ten stone piers crossing the River Tyne built by Hadrian whose family name was Aelius.

Great North Museum

Map and Website

What Remains

  • The museum has an interactive model of Hadrian’s Wall winding its way up and down ridges and across flats from Wallsend to Bowness-on-Solway.
  • There are models of a turret and a milecastle.
  • The museum also houses many artefacts from the forts of Segedunum and Arbeia, as well as the original altars and the head of Antenociticus from the temple at Benwell.
  • Another major part of the museum exhibit is a full size reconstruction of the interior of the temple of Mithras at Carrawburgh near the wall.
  • The reconstruction shows the inside of the temple with the colourful statues of Cautes and Cautopates, Mithras’ companions marking the entrance of the inner sanctuary.
  • Also in the museum are the original altars from the Mithraeum and a relief called the tauroctony depicting Mithras slaying a bull, which would have hung behind the altars in the window-less, cave-like temple.
Benwell Roman Temple

Benwell Roman Temple

Benwell Roman Temple

Map & Website

When

  • The Roman temple was built in the 2nd century AD near the Hadrian’s Wall fort of Condercum.

What Remains

  • Set amongst redbrick homes in a housing estate, the stone foundations of Benwell Roman Temple sits in a little fenced lot.
  • Dedicated to a local god, Atenociticus, it was located outside the fort whose remains lie buried under the city streets and buildings nearby.
  • There are two cement copies of altars that were found during excavation of the temple.
  • The head of a statue of Antenociticus found at Benwell Temple is on display in the Great North Museum in Newcastle.

Benwell Vallum Crossing

Map & Website

When

  • The vallum was built on the south side of Hadrian’s Wall in the 120s AD.
  • In the late second century a military road was built between the wall and the vallum.

What Remains

  • A short length of Roman stone paving remains crosses over the vallum ditch.
  • Benwell is the only remain of an overpass over the vallum, the structure of two turf banks about 10 feet high separated by a twenty foot flat bottomed ditch that ran south along the wall.

Denton Hall Turret

Map & Website

When

  • Denton Hall Turret (#7B) was built as part of Hadrian’s Wall in the 120s AD.
  • It is the first surviving turret site from the eastern terminus, but it is Turret #7b on the Wall.

What Remains

  • Denton Hall Turret is a little square foundation (13 x 14 feet) and a stretch of low rubbly-looking wall running either side.
  • While small in area, it would have been two stories high with access to the wall’s walkway.
  • Turrets accommodated four to eight soldiers stationed there.

Heddon-on-the-Wall Wall Section

Where

  • East of Newcastle on the B6528 Road. Map & Website

When

  • Hadrian’s Wall construction began in AD 122.

What Remains

  • A stretch of Hadrian’s Wall about 255 meters (837 feet) standing up to 1.7 meters (5.5 feet) and with a width of 3 meters (10 feet).
  • The wall is widest here and becomes narrower to the west when building plans were changed, probably to speed up the construction.
  • An interesting feature of this section is a round opening in the wall with a flat floor that is almost the width of the wall and according to the guide book is a post-Roman kiln.